Shikwa Jawab e Shikwa is poetry book of Allama Muhammad Iqbal. In Shikwa Jawab e Shikwa book Allama Iqbal wrote two poems “Shikwa” And “Jawab e Shikwa”, which include Allama Iqbal Complaints to Allah in Shikwa and then gives its response in Jawab e Shikwa.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal (9 November 1877-21 April 1938) known as Allama Iqbal. He was born in Silakot, Punjab. He was a great poet, Philosopher, Barrister and Scholar. Allama Iqbal is considered on of the most important figure in Urdu literature. His poetry is Urdu and Persian languages. Allama Iqbal is highly acclaimed Muslim Philosophical thinker of modern times. In South Asia and Urdu speaking world he is regarded as the Shair e Mashriq (Poet of the East), and also known as Mufakkir e Pakistan (The Thinker of Pakistan), and Hakeem Ul Ummat (The sage of Ummah). Govt of Pakistan officially named him a “National Poet”. He was died in Lahore, Punjab 1938.
The reason why Shikwa raised controversies is that the main theme of the poem was the ‘Complaint to God’ for Muslim’s downfall, ill-treatment and troubles they were facing. When the first of these poems, Shikwa, was published it created confusion among Muslim Scholars who thought that Iqbal was being ungrateful for the blessings of God. “When Iqbal wrote Shikwa, orthodox religious clerics called him an infidel, and in all honesty, Shikwa does emanate a very strong sense of entitlement”. The second poem, Jawab-e-Shikwa, was not announced with the publication of the first, but when it was published four years later Iqbal was praised for his contribution to Urdu poetry and Islamic literature
Iqbal composed both the poems in the Arabic metre ramal. Shikwa is made of 31 stanzas of six lines each, while Javab-e-Shikwa is made of 36 stanzas of the same length. The first four hemistichs (misra) have the same rhyme and the last two a different one; i.e. the rhyme scheme is AAAABB. In the whole work four verses are in Persian.
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