Pakistan is a Muslim country, located in southern Asia. The neighboring countries are India, Iran, Afghanistan, and China. It is officially called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. In the south, it has long coastline along the Arabian Sea. Pakistan is the 34th largest country in the world and has the 7th largest army in the world. The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad. Before 1960, it was Karachi, which is now the country’s largest city. The motto of the country is Unity, Discipline, and Faith. The national language is URDU. The name Pakistan means Land of the Pure in Persian and Urdu.
History of Pakistan
The struggle for Pakistan was started when the Muslim of sub-continent got harassed by the Indian government and was not getting their proper rights. Pakistani leader Sir Syed Ahmed Khan firstly used the word“Nation” for the Muslims. After his “Two Nation Theory” and Allama Iqbal’s thought about a separate state in which Muslim can live according to Islamic teachings. The Muslims of India start many movements only for the separation they struggle and sacrifice their lives for their generations. After this effort on 14th of August, 1947, Quaid e Azam M.A Jinnah and all the Muslims succeed by getting a separate state.
Location and Climate
The geographical location of Pakistan is in southern Asia. The neighboring countries are China, India, Afghanistan, and India. There is a long coastal line with the Arabian Sea in the south. The mountain ranges of Karakoram and Pamir are located on northern and western highlands. Pakistan also has all four seasons because of the location, winter from December through February, spring from March through May, summer rainy season from June through September and the retreating monsoon period of October and November. The beginning and length of these seasons vary according to the location. Pakistan also consist number of Rivers and river Indus is the biggest river.
Pakistan has four provinces, two territories, and two special areas. The special areas are in Kashmir. The provinces and territories were divided into 26 divisions and now the 147 districts directly divided from the provinces. The four provinces are Baluchistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly NWFP), Punjab and Sindh. Among all these provinces Baluchistan is the largest one by area. Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa both have PATA (Provincially Administered Tribal Areas) which are going to be regular districts. The territories are Islamabad CapitalTerritory and Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan are the Administrative areas of Pakistan.
There are number of national symbols of Pakistan:
- National Animal- MARKHOR
- National Bird- CHOKAR
- National Tree- CEDRUS DEODARA
- National Heritage State Animal- SNOW LEOPARD
- National Heritage State Bird- SHAHEEN FALCON
- National Aquatic Marine Mammal- INDUS RIVER DOLPHIN
- National Reptile- INDUS CROCODILE
- National Fish- TOR PUTITORA
- National Amphibian- BUFO STOMATICUS
- National Butterfly- INDIAN PURPLE EMPEROR
- National Fruit- MANGO
- National Staple Crop- SUGERCANE
- National Beverage- SUGERCANE JUICE
- National Vegetable- OKRA
- National Cuisine- PAKISTANI BIRYANI (beef)
- National Sports- HOCKEY
- National Dress- SALWAR KAMEEZ
- National Mosque- FAISAL MOSQUE
- National River- INDUS RIVER
- National Mountain- K2
- National Mausoleum- MAZAR E QUAID
In terms of Purchasing Power Parity(PPP), Pakistan’s economy is 25th largest in the world. In terms of Nominal Gross Domestic Product, the economy is 42nd largest. The growth poles of Pakistan’s economy are located beside the Indus River. In the past economy of Pakistan has suffered from internal political disputes, mixed levels of foreign investment and a fast-growing population. In 2016 October, the IMF chief Christine Lagarde confirmed the economic assessment of he that Pakistan’s economy was “out of the crisis”. This was also predicted by the World Bank that by 2018, the growth of the economy of Pakistan will increase to a “robust” 5.4%.
According to the Census of Pakistan 2017, the total population of Pakistan was 207.8 million, representing a 57% increase in 19 years. That was equivalent to 2.57% of the world population. The population is estimated to reach 210.13 million by 2020. Pakistan is also classified as the “young nation” with an average age of 23.4 in 2016; about 104 million people were under the age of 30 in 2010. Life hope at birth was 67 years for females and 65 years for males in 2013. The healthcare expenditure was 2.8% GDP in 2013. About 19% of the population and 30% of children under five are skeletal.
Including a number of provincial languages, more than 60 languages are spoken in Pakistan. Urdu is declared as the national language of Pakistan and it’s the main identity of the Muslims. Over 44.15% of Pakistan’s population in the Punjab province speaks the Punjabi language. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has a provincial language which is the Pashto language. Sindhi is the common language in the region of Sindh and Balochi is the most dominant language of Baluchistan region. In the region of Azaad Kashmir, the Kashmiri language is spoken. And many other languages are also spoken in Pakistan such as Hindko, Saraiki, gujrati, and many more.
Education in Pakistan is administrated by the Federal Ministry of Education and the provincial governments. The levels of education in Pakistan are pre-school, primary, middle, high (SSC), intermediate (HSC) and university. As per literacy level in Pakistan, now educators are focusing overwriting practice service in major subjects, such as essay writing service avails a huge business there, so now students are getting aware of writing practice, Also students need very major practice for writing an essay during CSS(civil superintendent services) exam in Pakistan.
The culture of Pakistan is based according to Islam, as Pakistan is an Islamic Republic country. The system of joint family is a common family unit. The festivals of Pakistan are Eid ul Fitr, Eid ul Adha, Ramadan, Christmas, Easter, Holi, Diwali are religious in origin. The common dressing of the people of Pakistan is Shalwar Kameez for both men and women. Every single province has its own kind of Shalwar Kameez. And many different fashions, the fashion industry has developed in a changing environment.